Types of IBD (inflammatory bowel disease)Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can be divided into two main types, Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Both of these conditions occur by the same autoimmune mechanism, causing inflammation to the gastrointestinal tract. Each type of IBD affects a different part of the gastrointestinal tract and may require a slightly different treatment approach.

The IBD Center of Excellence offers a team of renowned gastroenterologists and colorectal surgeons specializing in the comprehensive management of inflammatory bowel disease. To learn more about the different types of IBD or to schedule a consultation with one of our IBD specialists, contact us at (310) 360-9119.

Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is a condition of chronic inflammation that can involve any region or layer of the gastrointestinal tract, but is most commonly localized to the small intestine and upper portion of the large intestine. Crohn’s disease often results in more severe symptoms and a higher risk of complications compared with other forms of IBD. It is further divided into conditions that describe the location of the inflammation:

  • Ileocolitis – Most common form of Crohn’s disease, affecting the small intestine (ileum) and the colon
  • Ileitis – Inflammation is isolated to the ileum
  • Gastroduodenal Crohn’s disease – Involves inflammation of the stomach and the upper segment of the intestines (duodenum)
  • Jejunoileitis – Inflammation of the jejunum, the middle segment of the small intestine
  • Crohn’s (granulomatous) colitis – Inflammation that only occurs in the colon

In some cases, patients may have inflammation of multiple areas throughout the intestines with intermittent patches of normal bowel. The majority (A large percentage) of patients with Crohn’s disease will require surgery to relieve symptoms of IBD and prevent long-term damage to the gastrointestinal tract.

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder that is limited to the length of the large intestine; colon and rectum. This form of IBD only affects the top layers of intestinal tissue in an even and continuous distribution. Similar to Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis can be further divided based on the area affected by inflammation:

  • Ulcerative Proctitis – Mild form in which inflammation is localized to a small portion of the rectum
  • Proctosigmoiditis – Inflammation is limited to the rectum and sigmoid colon
  • Left-sided Colitis – Involves continuous inflammation from the rectum to the upper segment of the large intestine, marked by severe pain on the left side of the abdomen
  • Pan-ulcerative (total) Colitis – Colitis which affects the entire length of colon and often requires surgery

Patients with ulcerative colitis are typically at a lower risk of complications and may achieve long-term relief with more conservative therapies.

Treatment options for inflammatory bowel disease depend on the type and severity of IBD. Our state of the art outpatient center in Beverly Hills brings together a team of gastroenterologists and colorectal surgeons with collective expertise in the treatment of all forms of IBD.

Contact an IBD Specialist in Beverly Hills

The IBD Center of Excellence in Beverly Hills offers a team of world-renowned gastroenterologists and colorectal surgeons who have trained at some of the top medical schools and residencies in the country. Our extensive experience in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, coupled with a highly individualized approach, helps us to deliver compassionate and effective care to each patient. For more information on IBD and its various forms, or to schedule a consultation with an IBD specialist, please call (310) 360-9119 or fill out our contact form.

Next, learn about the Causes of IBD.